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vi         THE CHURCH OF S. MARY PANACHRANTOS        125
of Sultan Mehemed, which has replaced that famous church.
With this conclusion agrees, moreover, the description given of the district in which the monastery of Lips stood. It was a remote and quiet part of the city, like the district in which Phenere Isa Mesjedi is situated to-day ; irpos ra roi) A//3a /tep?;, TQTTOV aTTQKiarjjLivQv /col fjav^pif} Furthermore, the monastery of Lips borrowed its name from its founder or restorer, Constantine Lips ;2 and in harmony with that fact we find on the apse of one of the two churches which combine to form Pheneri Isa Mesjedi an inscription in honour of a certain Constan-tine.3 Unfortunately the inscription is mutilated, and there were many Constantines besides the one surnamed Lips. Still, the presence of the principal name of the builder of the monastery of Lips on a church, which we have also other reasons to believe belonged to that monastery, adds greatly to the cumulative force of the argument in favour of the view that Constantine Lips is the person intended. But, if necessary, the argument-can be still further strengthened. The church attached to the monastery of Lips was dedicated to the Theotokos, as may be inferred from the circumstance that the annual state visit of the emperor to that shrine took place on the festival of the Nativity of the Virgin.4 So likewise was the sanctuary which Phener6 Isa Mesjedi represents, for the inscription it bears invokes her blessing upon the building and its builder (Fig. 42). Would that the identity of all the churches in Constantinople could be as strongly established.
It remains to add in this connection that while the monastery of Lips and that of the Panachrantos associated with Veccus were different Houses, the churches of both monasteries were dedicated to the Theotokos under the
1  Du Cange, iv. p. 93, quoting the Life of Nicholas of the Studion,    The district was named MepSotwydp??, Leo Gramm. p. 280.
2  Theoph. Cont. p. 371.
3  See inscription, p. 131,
4  CodinuSj De officiis, p, 80,